What/Who is Jim Crow?
The name Jim Crow is often used to describe the segregation laws, rules, and customs which arose after Reconstruction ended in 1877 and continued until the mid-1960s.
In the United States, the so-called Jim Crow laws were made to enforce racial segregation, and included laws that would prevent African-Americans from doing things that a “white” person could do. For instance, Jim Crow laws regulated separate use of water fountains and separate seating sections on public transport.
What were Jim Crow Laws?
The Jim Crow Laws were basically the laws people had to live by, it was racial segregation towards any colored peoples. They separate African-Americans and the ‘whites’ in different aspects such as in schools, buses, bathrooms or work, etc.
Jim Crow Laws were carried out to discriminate against African-Americans:
1. Separation based on race.
2. Targeted against African-Americans who were isolated from the “whites”
Jim Crow Laws also made discrimination practices legal in many communities and states and were characterized by unequal opportunities in:
What was the response of the slaves and the Blacks to these laws?
They could not agree with the law and responded with violence.
Do we see the Jim Crow Laws surface in the novel? If so then in which part of the novel? ( applies in To Kill A Mockingbird )
I do see the Jim Crow Laws surface in the novel “To Kill A Mockingbird” as the character Tom Robinson, a African-American, was facing discrimination by the a “white” lady who claimed that Tom had molested her. However, Tom Robinson was innocent. During that time, the African-Americans were hardly given any chance to speak. Even if they do, the judges would not believe them as they were in a discriminating perspective.